“FOSS tools for modelling natural hazards: the HortonMachine library”
2019-08-26, 14:00–18:00, Room 4
The climate change and the recent extreme events occurred all over the world draw again the attention to the natural hazards both for prevention and for management aspects. In this context, environmental modelling can help in managing geospatial data, mapping hazards and risks zones and support decision makers in building functional infrastructures with low environment impact and for a safe urban planning.
In the context of modelling natural hazards hydro-geomorphology analysis is a key aspect. In the last decades many researchers tried to extract useful information from digital data and in particular from Digital Terrain Models (DTM) with the development of ad-hoc algorithms and tools. In the meanwhile the data availability increased and high precision DTM are available almost all over the world.
There are many possibilities to analise natural hazards and to define hazard and risks zones as required by the national and international directives. The algorithms contained in the HortonMachine library are the result of more than 10 years of research, development and real application of people from different research institutes and professionals working in the field of environmental engineering. The HortonMachine library contains tools for data management (raster, vector and point cloud), data collection in the field, and environmental modelling in particular related to hillslope stability, floods, debris flow and woody (Large Wood) floods.
The workshop will cover the main aspects of the hydro-geomorphological analysis of a river basin starting from a DTM. The aim is to evaluate the maximum discharge that can occur in a section for a given precipitation or using statistical information derived from the Intensity Duration Curves. Some generic geomorphological analysis on the DTM will be performed that will be used to delineate the stream network and the watershed closed at the desired section.
The last step will be the evaluation of the hillslope stability and of the maximum discharges using the shallow stability model Shalstab and the semi distributed model Peakflow integrated in the HortonMachine library.
The expected participant is the average GIS user that wants to approach new tools for environmental modelling related in particular to natural hazards. The user can be a professional, a person of the public administration or even a decision maker who has average knowledge of GIS and GIS data and wants to approach this topic.
The HortonMachine library is a package of applications and tools and does not have a specific GIS support. The visualization of the data and results can be done with anyone’s preferred GIS.